MBSR Reduces Burnout in Primary Care Providers
Posted from archive: 10.07.2013 | by AMRA
Previous studies have shown that health care providers can be taught to be mindful, but busy clinicians often don’t have the time to attend lengthy programs. Fortney et al. [Annals of Family Medicine] tested the efficacy of an abbreviated form of MBSR in alleviating/ preventing symptoms of clinician burnout. The program offered 14 hours of mindfulness instruction over a three-day weekend, followed by two 2-hour post-training sessions. Exercises emphasized mindfulness while sitting, walking, listening and speaking, mindfulness in interaction with patients, and compassion for self and others. Participants were encouraged to practice 10 to 20 minutes per day at home.
Thirty primary care providers (physicians, nurse practitioners and physician assistants) participated in the program. They were assessed at baseline, immediately after the intervention, and at 8-week and 9-month follow-up on measures of burnout, depression, anxiety, stress, resilience, and compassion. While 63 of the participants had some prior meditation experience at some point in their life, only 7 were actively practicing meditation at the start of the study.
After the intervention, the clinicians reported significant decreases in emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, anxiety, and stress, and significant increases in a sense of personal accomplishment. All of these differences were significant at nine-month follow-up. No changes in clinician resilience or compassion were found, but the clinicians’ high scores on the brief five-item compassion scale at baseline left little room for improvement. These preliminary results suggest that abbreviated MBSR holds promise as a time, efficient means of improving clinician well-being, and, as a consequence, the quality of patient care.
Fortney, L., Luchterhand, C., Zakletskaia, L., Zgierska, A., & Rakel, D. (2013). Abbreviated mindfulness intervention for job satisfaction, quality of life, and compassion in primary care clinicians: A pilot study. The Annals of Family Medicine, 11(5), 412-420. [PMID: 24019272]